Glaciers on Mount Everest to Melt By the End of Century

29.05.2015

The current rate of temperature increase will lead to the fact that the glaciers of the highest mountain in the world - Mount Everest – will melt by 96% as early as in 2100. This is pessimistic outlook. But the optimists believe that the snow cap of the peaks will lose "only" 73% of its mass. By the middle of the XXI century, the glacier will be reduced by 35-62%. The ice cap of Mount Everest is now at an altitude of 5-6 thousand meters, but it is very sensitive to climate change.

Glaciers on Mount Everest to Melt By the End of Century

In addition, the melting of the glaciers of Mount Everest is a serious threat to the citizens of Nepal and Bihar in India. Meltwater may increase the flow of the river the Dudh Kosi at times and flood its banks and cause serious damage to hydropower plants located on it. Another scenario is the appearance of glacial lakes on the slopes of Mount Everest, which will lead to mudslides, avalanches and floods. In order to predict the effects of these and other scientists have simulated eight different climate change scenarios, based on observations of the region over the last half century.