• The World Health Organization reports that the minimum amount of water per person per day is 7.5 liters. And the best - enough to meet basic hygiene needs – is 20 liters per day per person. Water is necessary not only for drinking but also for washing, for sanitary purposes and for cooking

  • Despite the impressive achievements of the last ten years, 748 million people in the world still do not have access to clean and safe drinking water and 2.5 billion people still need to improve sanitary conditions. To ensure water supply and sanitation for everybody, 107 billion dollars per year should be invested during five years

  • New vector of development of the industry is a stable economic policy, which could provide safe and effective interaction between the various ecosystems. The main task is to create a mutually beneficial relationship between the natural and the artificial infrastructures, the United Nations believe

  • Urban water networks are thousands of kilometers of pipes and if they are not in proper condition, they often lose more water than they transport. And in many rapidly growing cities - especially small and medium-sized with a population of half a million people - sanitation systems are outdated, do not meet all needs or don't exist.

  • It is expected that global demand for water for industrial needs will increase by 400% from 2000 to 2050. This is more than in other sectors of the economy. Most of the countries that make up this increase in demand, are emerging. Therefore, new enterprises in order to survive, will have to reconsider all production cycles c to reduce water consumption. This applies to both large and small enterprises

  • New technologies and good planning - these are the key methods to reduce water consumption in the industry and reduce polluted runoff. Progressive enterprises of the textile industry, for example, are already using the technology to get to the end of the production cycle the water that is cleaner than the one that comes to consumers.

  • About 80% of all electricity produced in the world is produced in the steam and combined cycle power plants: the water is heated to provide steam for electrical generators and cold water cooling unit. It's too expensive, but not to tell so about hydropower. Now they produce only 16% of the world's electricity

  • One liter of water is required to produce an average of one kilocalorie of plant food. Inefficient production of meat requires as much as 100 liters to produce one kilocalorie. In developing countries, up to 90% of the water goes to irrigate crops for the food industry. And all the world spends up to 70% of all water on agriculture

  • In developing countries, production of water is made by women and girls. On average, girls and women spend a quarter of their time to provide their families with water. And they could study or work and make money not only for the family but also for the state. Water is equality of opportunities!

World Water Day 2015: Water is…

World Water Day 2015 is held under the motto «Sustainable development». Perhaps this is the main idea of ​​the global environmental movement: reversing the scientific and technological progress is no longer possible, which means that development should follow the path of harmonious interaction with the environment. That is why in 2015, on March 22 The United Nations Organization which accumulates all efforts to celebrate this date decided to answer the question, what the water in the world today is.

Water is health. Everybody knows that human body can survive for weeks without food, but only a few days without water. But water is not just for drinking. In countries with access to clean and safe drinking water there are much less common kinds of gastro-intestinal infections, viral hepatitis and other diseases of dirty hands. Therefore, water, sanitation and health are closely related. The human body is 50-65% of water, and, the older a person is, the less water it needs. Conversely, in the body of a baby there's 78% of water, so drinking regime is important for children first of all.

Water is nature. Ecosystems - forests, swamps, fields, and others - are in the heart of the water cycle. Health of freshwater ponds depends on the health of surrounding ecosystems, and the awareness of these links is necessary for the successful management of water resources. However, in most economic models these ties are omitted, which leads to inefficient operation of freshwater and - ultimately - to the death of entire ecosystems. Waterways are polluted by industrial and domestic waste water which don't pass cleaning, farmland waste water and other affairs. And only humans can to reconcile the city with nature.

Water is urbanization. Today, every third inhabitant of the planet lives in a the city. And cities on Earth are growing extremely fast. As you read this sentence, 4 men will have time to move to a city! 93% of these crossings occur in developing countries that once were agricultural. And about 40% of the cities in such countries grow as slums. In the long term, by 2050, urban dwellers will be two and a half billion people. They need water and sanitation, transportation, drinking water and waste water ... And most of the countries with the fastest growing cities (in the top three world leaders - China, India and Nigeria) do not have time to build the infrastructure for their residents. This is the task of the century for the world leaders.

Water is industry. Each product produced by industry, needs a certain amount of water to be made. For example, ten liters of water are needed to produce a single piece of paper, while a pound of plastic needs 91 liter. Industrialization is needed for the world: it is jobs for the population, income for the city and state budgets and new products. This is an opportunity for all segments of the population. However, most companies set tasks to maximize production reducing the cost. Water conservation and wastewater treatment are not always priorities. Indeed, in the short term costs of green businesses is much higher. But in the long term it is the only way to survive.

Water is energy. Water and energy have always been inseparable: water is needed for the production of energy, the energy is required to transport water. And the main task of mankind is to reduce the strain on fresh water in energy production. Alternative sources of water - sea or waste water - provide great opportunities for it. Another way to stop exploiting the rivers, lakes and the sea is production of energy from alternative sources. Sunlight, wind, tidal or geothermal power plants - all this does not require huge costs of water to generate electricity, and this is much safer for the environment and promising.

Water is food. Economic growth and increasing welfare of the family leads to the fact that their diet varies with mainly starchy food for meat and dairy. This in turn leads to increased water consumption. For example, for the production of a kilogram of rice it takes about three and a half million liters of water, and for the same amount of beef more than 15 thousand liters of water is needed. These changes in diet are the main causes of increase of demand for water in the world, and the upward trend will continue at least until the middle of this century. The problem of world food industry is reducing water consumption for the production of both plant and animal food, as well as to treat the water carefully and avoid contamination.

Water is equality. Investment in infrastructure for water and sanitation brings between five and 28 dollars in revenue from every dollar invested. If girls and women from poor countries don't take time to provide family with water, they can bring substantial income to the economy of the country. This means equal opportunities for all. But it's not only that. Climate change is leading to an increasing number of natural disasters. And the growing risks of losing sources of water is the most important which global community has to fight. The world needs change, the world needs the equality!

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