• This picture was taken on the coast of island Laraque (Iran) in the Persian Gulf. The source of unearthly light is phytoplankton

  • Just think, how many amazing creatures seamlessly travel through the waves with us!

  • Sometimes Morning Glory is observed at an altitude of just 100-200 meters from the ground

  • First images of the icy fingers were received in 2011

  • The edges of the ice pancakes usually form white edges

  • Snow rolls resemble white towels neatly rolled by hotel staff

  • Whirlpool Maelstrom was described by many poets and writers in their works, from Jules Verne to Valery Bryusov

Water Adventures: Amazing Forms and Facts

We are used to wash in the morning, to put ice cubes in a glass, to remove the snow from the porch and to enjoy the turquoise waves. Water in all its forms sometimes seems to be something trivial and simple, but actually it is able to do miracles, and in our gallery you will see the most unusual footage of it.

1. The glowing surf. Neon lights in the sea are admirable: it seems as if the sky stars are reflected in the water. Sometimes glowing blue dots form a continuous strip or islands offshore. This pattern can be seen in the Maldives, Thailand, India and California. And it is all thanks to phytoplankton: marine microorganisms, particularly the dinoflagellate algae, have the ability to bioluminescence.

2. Zoo in one drop. While we are swimming in the sea, we cannot even imagine how many creatures there are in every drop of salt water. We could see some of them with the naked eye, if they were not fully transparent. Tiny fish fry, squid and octopus babies... Photographer David Littshwager was able to capture this fragile world, scooping up a bucket of water from the ocean near Hawaii. The use of special lenses and illumination made transparent creatures visible, including the internal organs and skeleton.

3. Morning Glory. This poetic name is a weather phenomenon which is observed in the north of Australia, usually in the mornings, from September to mid-November. However, single cases are fixed in the United States, Germany and Russia. Due to the movement of air masses clouds curl in the roll, resembling a horizontal tornado. Sometimes it reaches a kilometer in length and is moved at a speed of 60 km / h. Despite the fact that there may be a strong wind, Morning Glory has no destructive force of a tropical storm. The mechanism of formation of these strange clouds is not fully understood.

4. Brine icicle or «icy finger». Sometimes it is also called underwater icicle-killer. This unique phenomenon occurs in the cold waters of the Arctic. When the surface of the ocean freezes, the water layer under the ice crust becomes more salty and dense. In contact with ice, the «pickle» is cooled down to 20 Celsius degrees and begins to move downwards. Flow should not be too strong, and the depth shouldn't be too high. So at first a fragile tube forms, which gradually becomes denser and reaches the bottom. Its touch instantly freezes any creature alive, whether it us a starfish or a sea urchin.

5. Pancake ice. Such plates can be seen in the winter both on the sea, and on the freshwater lakes and rivers. Their diameter is from 30 cm to 3 m, and the thickness is 10 cm. Their appear in several steps: first at zero temperatures layers from an acicular and lamellar ice are formed. It accumulates snow, and when temperature falls and the wind is strong, this coating breaks into separate pieces. Waves and wind complete the work: ice plates polish, colliding with each other, and take pancakes form.

6. Snow rolls. These strange cylinders are created by nature itself. They can be seen very rarely: to form them the wind should be of medium strength, snow should be wet and loose, and the ground should be covered by ice layer. In this case the temperature should be sufficient to ensure that the ice melts, and the terrain should be hilly. Such rolls move down the slope forced by the wind. Sometimes they reach a diameter of 70 centimeters.

7. Maelstrom Whirlpool (Norway). Located between the islands of Fere and Moskenes. The reason for its appearance is the interaction between the high tidal and low tidal waves, rugged coastline and bottom shape. Water speed in the whirlpool is 11 km / h, and it was a mortal danger for the ships only in ancient times, because modern ships are able to get out of it easily. Nevertheless, even today, captains try to stay away from the Maelstrom, as it is unpredictable, and with a strong western wind there is a big risk to break the rocks. Curiously, at the maximum high tide the whirlpool produces a sound that can be heard for six kilometers!

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