• This year winter came to Europe only in mid-January. By November water temperature in the Baltic was 11 degrees Celsius. By the New Year's scientists began to panic: the sea didn't maintain a stable ice cover. By mid-February ice covered only northern parts of the sea.

  • There are troubles with ice cover not only in the Baltic, but everywhere in Northern Atlantic. Square territory of ice is the smallest since the beginning of observations in 1970. There is also a lake of fresh water from melting polar ice caps in the middle of the Beaufort Sea.

  • Speed of ice cap melting increases tremendously: the less ice there is in the Northern Pole, the less sunbeams it could reflect and the warmer it gets.

  • But if there is global warming, why did Europe freeze in January 2012, and Asia experiences cold weather since November 2011? In this picture we see Istambul, Turkey, after a heavy snowfall. In January 2012, the temperature there set a new record of cold.

  • Gulf Stream is all that matters, scientists assume. Its warm waters keep the climate mild and temperate in Northern Europe. If the polar ice melts down, Gulf Stream will disappear forever.

  • Huge amounts of cold fresh water will slow Gulf Stream down and dilute its warm waters. This is when the real cold will come to Europe. It will be colder than during the Minor Ice Age in 17th century. In Great Britain average year temperature dropped by 10 degrees. Who knows what happens to Scandinavia and European Russia then...

  • Probably St. Petersburg, New York, Manchester and other coastal cities will share Atlantis' fate rather soon. The ocean level in the Northern Hemisphere stayed the same since 19th century, but over the last fifty years it has been rising by 2 cm per year.

  • Let's get back to the Arctic though. By 2100 it will be completely free of ice during summer. After that we will head to the new Ice Age. In 1991 researchers discovered a corpse of a man frozen into ice about 5000 years ago. If we see him now, it's easy to understand how much ice we lost to global warming.

  • How do we stop it? Cut down energy consumption! Remember and apply the 3R Rule: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. Use energy-saving light bulbs, ride public transport instead of cars and don't take short-distance flights too frequently.

  • And the last one. Oceans heat up because of untreated waste. Fortunately, the number of such "hot spots" in the Baltic reduced recently, but it does not mean that we are free to waste water. The more water we consume, the more energy is needed for its treatment!

Ice Caps Melt, And We Freeze

Media keeps buzzing about global warming, but why don't we feel it? This winter all Northern Hemisphere barely froze to death! Over 150 casualties were caused by cold weather in Europe. Waves of cold air from the Arctic stayed in Asia throughout the winter since December 2011. It's rather a global freezing, than a warming, we'd say...

Actually, to ecologists and climatologists it is all logical: global warming leads to the new ice age in Northern Hemisphere. European climate is formed by warm Gulf Stream that heats up all coastal cities. It makes temerate climate in Northern Hemisphere spread to 60th parallel. To tell the truth, the Antarctic Ocean starts at 60th latitude in the south, and no permanent city is situated further than that. Here, in Europe, we have St. Petersburg, Stockholm, Oslo and Helsinki! 

The warmth of the Gulf Stream wouldn't let the Arctic cold in Europe. However, our ancestors will study it in history books at school rather soon, if things keep going at this pace. Cold freshwater from melting ice caps of the Arctic Ocean merges with Gulf Stream, cooling and slowing it down. This is why Europe gets colder and colder, and pretty soon its northern regions would be uninhabitable.

The process of global warming has already led to a significant discovery: in the end of 2011 scientists found a lake of fresh water right in the Beaufort Sea.

Besides that, level of the Oceans keeps going up and up – now at the speed of 2 cm per year. In 19th century, before global industrialization started, the level stayed the same for decades! 

There are a lot of factors proven to cause the Arctic melting, including greenhouse gases emission and decay of the ozone layer. However, there's a lot we can do to slow this process.

How to cut down emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere:

  • reduce your electricity consumption
  • use public transport more often than your car. And if you decide to drive, never do it alone
  • cut down your consumption of plastic – especially not reusable items
  • buy goods from recycled and reused materials

Why do we need to save the water though? The more water we spend, the more energy it takes to treat it. It leads to higher rates of greenhouse gas emission. Draw your conclusions and close all taps!

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